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Fast Facts

Area: 7.68 million sq km
Capital City: Canberra
Language: English
Time Zone:
GMT/UTC +10 (Eastern Standard Time)
GMT/UTC +9.5 (Central Time) GMT/UTC +8 (Western Time)
Dialing Code: 61
Electricity: 220-240V ,50
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Australian Dollar
Seasons:
Summer: December - February
Autumn: March - May
Winter: June - August
Spring: September - November
 
 
 
 
Australia Featured Holiday Accommodation Properties
 
         
         
           
 
Australia Tourism Information
 

About Australia

Australia's main attraction is its beautiful landscapes, and unique flora and fauna.

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. It's about the same size as the 48 mainland states of the USA and 50 per cent larger than Europe.

The landscape is extremely diverse from dense rainforest, harsh deserts, white sandy beaches, rugged coast lines to the snow covered southern ranges.

The country is divided into 8 states and territories:

In the major cities, you can expect to experience a vast array of retail shops, fashion, restaurants, bars and nightclubs.

Environment

Australia is a large island continent situated between the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

Australia measures some 4000km (2500mi) east to west and 3200km (2000mi) north to south. Much of the interior of the country is flat, barren and sparsely populated. The bulk of the population lives on the eastern coasts.

The Great Dividing Range runs north-south down the eastern seaboard, separating the coastal plains from the drier inland areas. The Great Barrier Reef lies 50-300km (30-185mi) offshore and extends 2000km (1240mi) from Torres Strait to Gladstone.

Australia has more than 7,000 beaches.

Australia is well known for its distinctive plants such as the gum tree or eucalypt, of which there are about 700 species. Other common well know plants include the wattle, banksia, waratahs, bottlebrushes, paperbarks and tea trees. Vast tracks of wildflowers can be seen in different parts of the country in different seasons. In all Australia has about 25,000 different plant species.

The unique wild life include the kangaroo, koala, platypus, echidna, possum, wombat, tasmanian devil, bilby, and the dingo. The bird life includes emus, cassowaries, brightly coloured parrots and cockatoos, kookaburras, lyrebirds, numerous water birds, and other species.

Australia is also well known for its deadly spiders and snakes such as the redback and funnel-web spiders and venomous taipan, brown, tiger, red-bellied black snakes as well as both salt and freshwater crocodiles.

Natural Wonders

Some of the well know natural wonders include:

The Blue Mountains - New South Wales:
Located on the western edge of Sydney The Blue Mountains National Park is Australia's most recent World Heritage area. It contains dramatic canyons, steep valleys, waterfalls and eucalypt. Recently the Wollemi National Park was added to this world heritage listing to preserve prehistoric Wollemi Pine. Read more.

The 12 Apostles - Victoria:
Located along the famous Great Ocean Road in Victoria, the 12 Apostles stand against a backdrop of a sheer cliff face and the wild southern ocean. The 12 apostles were formed by erosion from the ocean over thousands of years. Only eight of the original 12 Apostles remain.

The Great Barrier Reef - Queensland:
This is Australia's most famous natural wonder. It's total combined area is equal to the size of the United Kingdom and Ireland, and it contains more than 1,000 islands. The beauty of the corals and the fish life has to be seen to be believed. You can access many coral sites by air and boat. Scuba diving and snorkeling adventures are available through many charter companies.

Uluru - Northern Territory
Located in the centre of Australia, Uluru, also know as Ayers Rock is the world's biggest monolith. It's 3.6 kilometres long, 2 kilometres wide and has a 9.4 kilometre circumference. Uluru should be experienced at different times of the day to appreciate the amazing changes of colour, especially at sunrise and sunset.

Daintree Rainforest - Queensland:
Commonly described as where the rainforest meets the reef. The daintree rainforest is a World Heritage listed area. The Daintree River winds through mangroves and a picturesque dense forest that is the home of unique birds, mammals, pythons and crocodiles.

Bungle Bungles - Western Australia
The Bungle Bungle Range, is located in Purnululu National Park. It is one of the most fascinating geological landmarks in Western Australia. Orange and black stripes of silica and algae across the beehive shaped mounds. Within these formations is a hidden world of gorges and rock pools.

Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage area - Tasmania:
This is one of the largest conservation areas in Australia, covering 1.38 million hectares. Encompassing temperate rainforests and alpine vegetation it provides habitat for plants and animals found nowhere else in the world, including many rare and endangered species.

Kakadu National Park - Northern Territory:
Located in Australia's tropical "Top End" it is one of the homes of the crocodile along with many water birds. The park contains rivers with roaring waterfalls and towering sandstone escarpments.

Climate

Due to the size of Australia the climate can vary drastically from one part to another.

The seasons are:
Summer starting in December and finishing in February.
Autumn starting in March and finishing in May.
Winter starting in June and finishing in August
Spring starting in September and finishing in November

The northern section of Australia experiences a wet season making some parts impassible due to local flooding.

Central Australia and Western Australia can experience scorching daytime temperatures and freezing temperatures at night in the desert.

It's rare for temperatures to drop below zero on the mainland except in the mountains.

Getting to Australia

Air travel is easiest way to access Australia, with most visitors taking a long haul flight to get here.

The main international airports are Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, followed by Perth, Adelaide, Hobart, Darwin and Cairns. There are numerous connections to Asia, Europe and the USA.

More information

For more information about Australia visit the Tourism Australia web site www.australia.com

Useful Links To Shops, Services and other things in Australia

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